Low Oxalate Diet

Your doctor has prescribed a Low Oxalate Diet.  It is meant to provide less than 50 mg of oxalate per day.  Oxalate is formed after breakdown of some types of foods, mostly from plant sources.  To reduce calcium oxalate stones from being formed, a diet adequate in calcium as well as an oxalate restriction is advised.  When enough calcium from the diet is available, it binds with oxalate to make it less available for absorption.  A rise of oxalate in the urine from increased absorption may promote the formation of stones.

Vegetables

Portions: 1/2 cup cooked, 1 cup raw

Low or No Oxalate (Less than 2 mg/serving)

  • Avocado
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Cauliflower
  • Cabbage
  • Mushrooms
  • Onions
  • Peas, green (fresh or frozen)
  • Potatoes, white
  • Radishes

Moderate Oxalate (2-10 mg/serving)

  • Asparagus
  • Broccoli
  • Carrots
  • Corn: sweet white or yellow
  • Green peas, canned
  • Lettuce
  • Lima Beans
  • Parsnips
  • Tomato, 1 small or 4 oz juice
  • Turnips

High Oxalate (Greater than 10 mg/serving)

  • Beans: green, wax, dried
  • Beets: root, greens
  • Pokeweed
  • Celery
  • Cucumbers
  • Dandelion greens
  • Kale
  • Leeks
  • Mustard greens
  • Okra
  • Parsley
  • Peppers
  • Potatoes, sweet
  • Rutabagas
  • Spinach
  • Summer Squash
  • Swiss Chard
  • Watercress
Fruit/Juices

Portions: 1/2 cup canned or juice, 1 medium fruit

Low or No Oxalate (Less than 2 mg/serving)

  • Apple & apple juice
  • Avocado
  • Banana
  • Cherries, bing
  • Grapefruit, fruit & juice
  • Grapes, green
  • Mangoes
  • Melons: cantaloupe, casaba, honeydew, watermelon
  • Nectarines
  • Pineapple juice
  • Plums, green or yellow

Moderate Oxalate (2-10 mg/serving)

  • Apricots
  • Black currants
  • Cherries, red sour
  • Cranberry juice
  • Grape juice
  • Orange, fruit and juice 
  • Peaches
  • Pears
  • Pineapple
  • Plums, purple
  • Prunes


High Oxalate (Greater than 10 mg/serving)

  • Berries (blueberries, dew berries, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries)
  • Currants, red
  • Fruit cocktail
  • Grapes, purple
  • Lemon peel
  • Lime peel
  • Orange peel
  • Rhubarb
  • Tangerine
  • Juices made from above fruits
Bread/Starches

Portions: 1/2 cup unless otherwise indicated

Low or No Oxalate (Less than 2 mg/serving)

  • Bread (1 slice)
  • Breakfast cereals
  • Macaroni
  • Noodles
  • Rice


Moderate Oxalate (2-10 mg/serving)

  • Cornbread (2” square)
  • Sponge cake (1” slice)
  • Spaghetti, canned in tomato sauce (1/2 cup)

High Oxalate (Greater than 10 mg/serving)

  • Amaranth (1/2 cup)
  • Fruit cake 1/8 cake
  • Grits, white corn
  • Soybean crackers
  • Wheat germ and bran (1 cup)
Fats/Oils

Low or No Oxalate (Less than 2 mg/serving)

  • Bacon 2 slices
  • Mayonnaise 1 tbs
  • Salad dressing 1 tbs
  • Vegetable oils 1 tbs
  • Butter, margarine 1 tbs


High Oxalate (Greater than 10 mg/serving)

  • Nuts: peanuts, almonds, pecans, cashews, walnuts (1/3 cup)
  • Nut butters (6 tbsp)
  • Sesame seeds (1 cup)
Miscellaneous

Low or No Oxalate (Less than 2 mg/serving)

  • Coconut
  • Jelly or preserves (made with allowed fruits)
  • Soups with allowed ingredients
  • Sugar

Moderate Oxalate (2-10 mg/serving)

  • Chicken noodle soup, dehydrated


High Oxalate (Greater than 10 mg/serving)

  • Carob (3/4 cup)
  • Coconut, cocoa (3-4 oz)
  • Vegetable soup (1/2 cup)
  • Tomato soup (1/2 cup)
  • Marmalade (5 tbsp)
Beverages

Low or No Oxalate (Less than 2 mg/serving)

  • Beer, bottled light
  • Carbonated cola (limit to 12 oz/day)
  • Distilled alcohol 1 oz
  • Lemonade or limeade without added vitamin C
  • Milk (whole, low fat, or skim) Buttermilk
  • Wine: red, rose, white (3-4 oz)
  • Yogurt with allowed milk


Moderate Oxalate (2-10 mg/serving)

  • Coffee (limit to 8 oz)

High Oxalate (Greater than 10 mg/serving)

  • Beer, 4 oz (dark, robust)
  • Ovaltine and other beverage mixes
  • Chocolate milk
  • Cocoa

Meat & Meat Substitute

Portions: 1/2 cup unless otherwise indicated

Low or No Oxalate (Less than 2 mg/serving)

  • Eggs 1 whole
  • Cheese 
  • Beef, lamb, pork
  • Poultry
  • Seafood

Moderate Oxalate (2-10 mg/serving)

  • Sardines

High Oxalate (Greater than 10 mg/serving)

  • Baked beans canned in tomato sauce (1/3 cup)
  • Peanut butter 1 tbs
  • Tofu

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